With the rise in popularity of tiny homes and the BC government initiatives to include more housing opportunities around the province, it is essential to understand the landscape of mortgages for these unique dwellings. These structures are a response to a number of socio-economic factors such as the desire for sustainable lifestyles as well as the need for affordable housing solutions. As mortgage professionals in BC, it is crucial to be up to date on the requirements and availability of funding options for these unique mortgage situations.
What Are Tiny Homes?
Although there is no exact definition, tiny homes are referred to as liveable structures of 100 square feet up to 600 square feet. Some may classify slightly larger units as tiny homes as well, depending on the item, situation and manufacturer. Although they can offer all the comforts of an actual home, they do so in a very compact way.
Why Would Clients Choose a Tiny Home?
With new legislation indicating that smaller dwellings and multi-unit opportunities exist across BC on larger lots of land, it may be an opportunity for some clients to consider a tiny home as opposed to adding on to their existing home. Laneway homes, for instance, might be cheaper and easier to do with a pre-built tiny home as opposed to building a custom unit from scratch.
What are the Regulations for Tiny Homes?
Different zoning laws and building regulations exist all over BC. These laws vary significantly and can impact the viability of a tiny home in each particular region. It is important to stay informed on these regulations to help clients navigate the challenges in financing effectively. There is, however, new legislation coming into effect in BC that would allow for laneway homes or garden suites to be built on properties that support the size and structure. This new legislation should open the way for more tiny homes to be built in BC in the coming years as it supersedes municipal regulations to allow for more density in homes in residential areas. For more information, review the BC Government website here: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/housing-tenancy/local-governments-and-housing/housing-initiatives/smale-scale-multi-unit-housing
Are There Financing Options for Tiny Homes?
When it comes to financing options for tiny homes, mortgage brokers need to navigate several barriers. One notable challenge arises when a tiny home lacks a permanent foundation, resulting in a chattel classification that renders it ineligible for traditional mortgage financing. However, there is some hope for tiny homes built in accordance with the Canadian CSA Z240 standard. The Chattel Loan Insurance Program (CLIP) offered by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) provides an avenue for accessing home mortgages for these homes on chassis. Additionally, perceptions surrounding tiny houses significantly influence financing decisions. Moveable tiny homes often face skepticism regarding their resale value, impacting their viability as collateral for securing loans. This presents a unique challenge for both buyers and lenders operating in the tiny home market.
There are some additional alternatives that mortgage brokers could look at to assist their clients in obtaining financing for a tiny home. These may include:
- Refinancing the existing home and property to pull equity to purchase a tiny home and retrofit the property for it.
- RV mortgage options exist but would only qualify for specific styles of tiny homes and not typically ones that are built as permanent structures.
- Some lenders do exist with tiny home mortgages, such as smaller credit unions, and Tinyloans.ca, although more options are becoming available all the time.
- A HELOC (Home Equity Line of Credit) with a large enough line of credit could work well for clients looking to build their own tiny home as it gives them access to funds on an ongoing basis, as needed.
What are the Tax Incentives or Implications for Tiny Homes?
Understanding the tax implications for tiny home buyers is essential. In BC, property taxes for tiny homes can vary based on whether the home is considered a permanent structure or a movable asset. There are also potential tax incentives or credits available for tiny homeowners or builders, especially if the home meets certain environmental or energy efficiency standards. These tax factors can significantly impact the overall affordability of a tiny home and should be a consideration in the mortgage or financing process.
As the tiny house trend continues to grow in BC, mortgage brokers have a unique opportunity to reach a new demographic and cater to this niche market. Understanding the specific needs of tiny home buyers and the financing opportunities available to them, lets brokers be invaluable guides, offering support and advice to a larger segment of clients. By embracing this niche market, mortgage brokers position themselves as professionals who stay ahead of the curve, offering customized guidance and cementing their place in this evolving industry.